submit news    HOME | FEEDBACK  


- Bio/Medicine

- Chemicals

- Defense

- Drug Delivery

- Education

- Electronics

- Energy

- Events

- Grants

- Industry

- Investment

- Litigation

- Materials


- Nanofabrication

- Nanoparticles

- Nanotubes

- Optics

- Partnership

- Patent

- Products

- Quantum dots

- Research

- Smart Dust

- Software

- Browse by Month

- Current Shows

- Previous Shows

- Submit Events

Become A Nanotechwire Partner

FEI Company

Veeco Instruments

Nano Science and Technology Institute

National Nanotechnology Initiative

Nanotechnology at Zyvex

Want to see your Company or Organization listed above? Become A Nanotechwire Partner Today - click here


2/16/2009 5:28:52 PM
Lasers achieve world record tunability

A single semiconductor laser chip with world-record wavelength tuning range of 200 nm—from 500 to 700 nm—has been demonstrated by a research team led by Cun-Zheng Ning, a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering in the Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering at Arizona State Univ.

Widely tunable semiconductor lasers offer a wide range of applications, ranging from spectroscopy, telecommunication, and on-chip biological and chemical detection. But achieving a widely tunable laser has been difficult due to limited lattice mismatch allowed in the standard epitaxial-based approach, since wavelength of light emission is determined by the bandgaps of semiconductors involved. Widely tunable lasers require alloy semiconductors with similarly tunable bandgaps, which are in turn determined by alloy composition, are usually limited by lattice mismatch with the chosen substrate.

With nanowire technology, the lattice mismatch limitation has been largely relaxed or removed completely. Thus it becomes possible in principle to grow alloy semiconductors of widely changing composition on a single substrate.

By carefully engineering and controlling the growth temperature and other parameters, the team was successful in growing ternary alloy CdSxSe1-x nanowires with composition x changing from 0 to 1 continuously from one end of the substrate to the other. As a result, the wafer has a continuous spatial grading of bandgaps between 1.75 eV and 2.5 eV, or in terms of the wavelength, between 500 and 700 nm.

Since the wafer is covered by nanowires that individually can act as nanolasers, numerous such nanolasers of continuously tuning wavelength are formed by a single growth on a single substrate. Under optical pumping, the team was able to show that each spot along the wafer length showing lasing behavior, as shown in the figure attached.

Such extremely wide tunable lasers are expected to have many potential applications. Tunable laser sources are vital elements for spectroscopic applications from research laboratories to molecular finger-print based field detection and sensing. They can act as multi-agent excitation light sources for florescence chip-based biological or chemical detections. They can also be used for multiplexing or de-multiplexing for chip-based communication applications. Many more applications can be explored, once such lasers are made electrically driven.

Ning's research group is currently working to extend the tunability to an even wider wavelength range and is developing several applications of such unique alloy materials in solar cells, detection, lighting and displays. In each of these applications, the unique materials capability is going to significantly improve the performance of the devices.

Team members include Dr. Ning's group at ASU, Dr. Anlian Pan, Weichang Zhou, Dr. Eunice Leong, Dr. Ruibin Liu, and Dr. Alan Chin, and his collaborator, Dr. B.S. Zou of Hunan University, China. For more information, contact Prof. Cun-Zheng Ning,; (480) 965 7421; web:

The results are reported in a paper in a recent online version of the American Chemical Society journal Nano Letters. A log-in is required at

The research was supported by Science Foundation of Arizona and by US Army Research Office.

Other Headlines from Arizona State University ...
 - Photosynthesis or photovoltaics: Weighing the impact
 - New DNA nanoforms take shape
 - Biological Nanowires expedite future fuel production
 - ASU helps shine spotlight on world of new materials
 - DNA: Building block for smaller, smarter electronics?

More Research Headlines ...
 - Experiments Settle Long-Standing Debate about Mysterious Array Formations in Nanofilms
 - "Critical baby step" taken for spying life on a molecular scale
 - Seeing an atomic thickness
 - First-ever sub-nanoscale snapshots of renegade protein in Huntington's Disease
 - Karlsruhe Invisibility Cloak: Disappearing Visibly

« Back To List »

- submit company
- submit news
- submit events
- advertise here

- More Events

Copyright © 2017 | Privacy Policy |